Freak storm blows mayhem across Colorado
Colorado Department of Transportation officials and avalanche experts say highly unusual storms caused avalanches across the state Tuesday, stretching the department’s resources and leading to extended closures.
Two major avalanches severed the Interstate 70 mountain corridor for much of the day Tuesday. The first, a natural avalanche at about 3 a.m., hit Vail Pass, forcing a full closure. Then at 11 a.m., CDOT purposely triggered an avalanche just west of Eisenhower Tunnel as part of its mitigation work.
Three semi-trucks were caught in the natural avalanche on Vail Pass, brought down by the density of the snow, though no injuries resulted. Berthoud Pass also had some slides triggered for mitigation and was reopened by 6 p.m. Tuesday.
The Aspen area, while under an avalanche warning with the danger rated as “high” into at least today, did not see any reported slides Tuesday, according to the Colorado Avalanche Information Center. Local law enforcement also reported no major accidents or travel problems along Highway 82 or other local roads, though a winter storm warning was issued Tuesday night through Thursday morning.
Colorado 133 over McClure Pass was closed late Monday afternoon due to the high avalanche danger and did not open until Tuesday afternoon with chain laws in effect for commercial vehicles. With the exception of a pair of lengthy closures on I-70 in Glenwood Canyon last weekend and one on Colorado 13 north of Rifle on Monday, highways in Garfield County have so far been relatively unaffected.
U.S. 6 over Loveland Pass is projected to open today after some morning mitigation work. Colorado 65 on the Grand Mesa reopened late Tuesday following mitigation.
While the state’s avalanche mitigation plan doesn’t prioritize areas with ski resorts above those that don’t, many major resorts benefit from being on the I-70 corridor, which is a priority route, said Mike Lewis, CDOT deputy executive director, during a Tuesday afternoon conference call with reporters.
This has been a really unusual event, which has to do with the amount of snow and its water content, said Ethan Greene of the Colorado Avalanche Information Center.
The state has seen heavy precipitation over the past 10 days and significant, heavy snow came in fast over the past 24 to 48 hours, he said.
The high amount of water, from snow and freezing rain, means a huge amount of weight on the snowpack, Greene said.
Monitoring these areas, CDOT crews have been conducting mitigation work by intentionally triggering avalanches above the state’s mountain highways.
Greene said these planned slides do not make an area more likely to produce a natural avalanche later. And though mitigation crews try to structure the slides in a way that they won’t reach the roadway, the recent heavy precipitation has caused many of the triggered slides to cover roads and force lengthy closures.
“It’s the breadth of this storm and how many locations that are in avalanche danger that is pretty atypical,” Lewis said. “This is sort of everywhere, so it definitely stretches our resources. The state’s northern mountains have seen epic snow with high moisture content.”
That density and moisture content of the snow also makes it more difficult to clean up.
Crews can’t just use snowblowers because of all the rocks and debris that came down with the avalanche, he said.
For commercial, recreational or other types of traffic, “we want to keep the roads open as much as we can,” but public safety takes priority, he said.
Lewis had a few pieces of advice for drivers: be observant, follow your media, CoTrip.org and CDOT for information; plan ahead for trips; drive defensively and make sure you have the proper tires.
People who aren’t paying attention are winding up in wrecks that cause further problems by holding up traffic and plows, he said.
A fuel tanker overturned on icy I-70 between Dotsero and Gypsum on Monday morning caused a daylong closure in that section of the interstate. Numerous other accidents on I-70 led to closures across the mountain corridor throughout Monday.
In Glenwood Canyon and other prone areas, CDOT also is wary of potential rockfalls, a risk heightened by repeated freeze-thaw cycles, said Tracy Trulove, CDOT Region 3 communications manager.
“I would say it’s always on our radar,” Trulove said. “Any time we get heavy moisture it’s always on our minds.”
And the weather forecast shows that pattern of temperatures hovering above and below freezing to continue.
In the backcountry, the Colorado Avalanche Information Center has nine of its 10 avalanche areas in the state designated as “high” avalanche danger.
In the meantime, the forecast shows more snow coming through Friday, so more mitigation work will be required, CDOT officials said.
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Warm and dry conditions to start the winter have kept all but the higher elevation slopes free of snow. That is expected to change by the end of the week and the avalanche hazard could start to climb, according to Colorado Avalanche Information Center.